Willamette Valley Ponderosa Pines are beautiful trees with long needles and very attractive bark when mature. A long-lived tree – frequently exceeding 500 years. They generally like sunny dry locations, but the Willamette Valley Ponderosa can withstand the heavy wet winter soils of our region.
The bark of the Ponderosa Pine has a smell similar to vanilla when warmed by the sun. Its needles are the only known food of the caterpillars of the gelechiid moth Chionodes retiniella.
Ponderosa Pine, also sometimes called Bull Pine or Western Yellow Pine, is a widespread and variable pine native to western North America. The Willammete Valley Ponderosa Pine was first described in modern botanical literature by David Douglas in 1826, from eastern Washington near present-day Spokane. Modern forestry research identifies four different taxa of Ponderosa Pine, adapted to different climatic conditions and with differing botanical characteristics.
- Light Requirements: Full Sun
- Water Requirements: Dry
- Ease of Growing: Easy to grow
- Growth Rate: Fast
- Spreads: No
- Wildlife Support: Pest-eating Insects, Birds or Mammals
- Fire-resistant: Yes
- Edible: No
- Mature Height: 150-200ft
- Mature Width:25-30ft