Pacific serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a large shrub or small tree, with mature dimensions to 18’ by 10’, sometimes larger. Leaves are round to oval, 1-2 inches long and entire at base but serrate at the top. It bears fragrant white flowers from mid-spring to early summer followed by dark blue, edible pomes, ¼ to ½ inch in diameter.
Serviceberry is a common and wide-spread species, growing native from Alaska to California, and across Great Plains into eastern Canada. It grows in full sun to partial shade, and tolerates dry, moist, or wet soil. The best autumn color is found on shrubs in sunnier sites.
In additional to being edible, the plant has medicinal and other uses. Fruit is well-liked by wildlife and flowers attract pollinators.
- Light Requirements: Full Sun, Part Shade
- Water Requirements: Dry, Moist, Seasonally Wet
- Ease of Growing: Easy to grow
- Growth Rate: Moderate
- Spreads: No
- Wildlife Support: Pollinators, Pest-eating Insects, Birds or Mammals
- Edible: Yes
- Mature Height: 15-30ft
- Mature Width: 10-20ft