Grand fir or giant fir is native to the Pacific Northwest of North America, occurring at altitudes of sea level to 1,800 m. It is a large, evergreen, coniferous tree growing to 40-70 m (exceptionally 80 m) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 2 m.
The glossy dark green leaves are needle-like and 3-6 cm long. They lie in two more-or-less flat ranks on either side of the shoot. The cones are 6-12 cm long and 3.5-4.5 cm broad. The cones do not fall to the ground whole, but disintegrate on the tree and release their seeds at maturity, about 6 months after pollination.
The foliage has an attractive scent, and is sometimes used for Christmas decoration, including Christmas trees. It is also planted as an ornamental tree in large parks.
- Light Requirements: Full Sun, Part Shade, Full Shade
- Water Requirements: Moist, Seasonally Wet
- Ease of Growing: Easy to grow
- Growth Rate: Moderate
- Spreads: No
- Wildlife Support: Hummingbirds, Pest-eating Insects, Birds or Mammals
- Edible: No
- Mature Height: 200ft
- Mature Width: 40ft