Grand Fir

Grand fir (Abies grandis)
Abies grandis

Grand fir or giant fir is native to the Pacific Northwest of North America, occurring at altitudes of sea level to 1,800 m. It is a large, evergreen, coniferous tree growing to 40-70 m (exceptionally 80 m) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 2 m.

The glossy dark green leaves are needle-like and 3-6 cm long. They lie in two more-or-less flat ranks on either side of the shoot. The cones are 6-12 cm long and 3.5-4.5 cm broad. The cones do not fall to the ground whole, but disintegrate on the tree and release their seeds at maturity, about 6 months after pollination.


The foliage has an attractive scent, and is sometimes used for Christmas decoration, including Christmas trees. It is also planted as an ornamental tree in large parks.

  • Light Requirements: Full Sun, Part Shade, Full Shade
  • Water Requirements: Moist, Seasonally Wet
  • Ease of Growing: Easy to grow
  • Growth Rate: Moderate
  • Spreads: No
  • Wildlife Support: Hummingbirds, Pest-eating Insects, Birds or Mammals
  • Fire-resistant: No
  • Edible: No
  • Mature Height: 200ft
  • Mature Width:40ft