Black Hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii) is a deciduous, thicket-forming shrub or small tree. Estimates for mature height vary widely from 20-40 feet. It is a common plant in Oregon and Washington on both sides of the Cascades, growing in moist, well-drained soils. The black hawthorn is an important species for wildlife, attracting pollinators and providing protected nesting and edible fruits for birds and other small wildlife.
Leaves are 1½ -3 inches, doubly serrated, ovate, and sometimes lobed. Small white flowers bloom in clusters from late spring to early summer. The fruit is purple-black pome (similar to a hard berry, but with a dense core containing the seeds), ¼ to ½ inch.
- Light Requirements: Full Sun, Part Shade
- Water Requirements: Moist (well-drained)
- Ease of Growing: Easy to grow
- Growth Rate: Moderate
- Spreads: No
- Wildlife Support: Pollinators, Hummingbirds, Birds or Mammals
- Edible: No
- Mature Height: 20-40ft
- Mature Width: 6-10ft